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apache编译安装时configure的参数详解 – Apache

`configure’ configures this package to adapt to many kinds of systems.
`configure’ 配置这个包来适合多数系统.
Usage: ./configure [OPTION]… [VAR=VALUE]…
语法: ./configure [选项]… [变量=值]…
To assign environment variables (e.g., CC, CFLAGS…), specify them as VAR=VALUE.  See below for descriptions of some of the useful variables.
配置环境变量(例如,CC,CFLAGS),格式为VAR=VALUE. 看下面对这些可用变量的说明.
Defaults for the options are specified in brackets.
选项的默认值括在方括号之中.
Configuration:
配置:
-h, –help              display this help and exit 显示这个帮助并退出
–help=short        display options specific to this package 显示这个包的详细选项
–help=recursive    display the short help of all the included packages 显示所有包括的包的帮助信息
-V, –version           display version information and exit 显示版本信息并退出
-q, –quiet, –silent   do not print `checking…’ messages 不打印’检查’信息
–cache-file=FILE   cache test results in FILE [disabled] 存储测试信息到文件中 [disabled]
-C, –config-cache      alias for `–cache-file=config.cache’ `–cache-file=config.cache’的别名
-n, –no-create         do not create output files 不生成输出文件
–srcdir=DIR        find the sources in DIR [configure dir or `..’] 在DIR查找代码

Installation directories:
安装目录:
–prefix=PREFIX         install architecture-independent files in PREFIX 安装路径
[/usr/local/apache2]
–exec-prefix=EPREFIX   install architecture-dependent files in EPREFIX 执行文件安装路径
[PREFIX]

By default, `make install’ will install all the files in `/usr/local/apache2/bin’, `/usr/local/apache2/lib’ etc.  You can specify an installation prefix other than `/usr/local/apache2′ using `–prefix’,for instance `–prefix=$HOME’.
默认情况下,’make install’安装所有的文件在 `/usr/local/apache2/bin’, `/usr/local/apache2/lib’ 等等.你可以指定一个安装前缀 ‘–prefix’选项来改变安装位置,例如 `–prefix=$HOME’.

For better control, use the options below.
更详细的配置,使用下面的选项.
Fine tuning of the installation directories:
调整安装目录的选项:
–bindir=DIR           user executables [EPREFIX/bin]
–sbindir=DIR          system admin executables [EPREFIX/sbin]
–libexecdir=DIR       program executables [EPREFIX/libexec]
–sysconfdir=DIR       read-only single-machine data [PREFIX/etc]
–sharedstatedir=DIR   modifiable architecture-independent data [PREFIX/com]
–localstatedir=DIR    modifiable single-machine data [PREFIX/var]
–libdir=DIR           object code libraries [EPREFIX/lib]
–includedir=DIR       C header files [PREFIX/include]
–oldincludedir=DIR    C header files for non-gcc [/usr/include]
–datarootdir=DIR      read-only arch.-independent data root [PREFIX/share]
–datadir=DIR          read-only architecture-independent data [DATAROOTDIR]
–infodir=DIR          info documentation [DATAROOTDIR/info]
–localedir=DIR        locale-dependent data [DATAROOTDIR/locale]
–mandir=DIR           man documentation [DATAROOTDIR/man]
–docdir=DIR           documentation root [DATAROOTDIR/doc/PACKAGE]
–htmldir=DIR          html documentation [DOCDIR]
–dvidir=DIR           dvi documentation [DOCDIR]
–pdfdir=DIR           pdf documentation [DOCDIR]
–psdir=DIR            ps documentation [DOCDIR]

System types:
系统类型:
–build=BUILD     configure for building on BUILD [guessed]
–host=HOST       cross-compile to build programs to run on HOST [BUILD]
–target=TARGET   configure for building compilers for TARGET [HOST]

Optional Features:
可选的功能:
–disable-FEATURE       do not include FEATURE (same as –enable-FEATURE=no)
–enable-FEATURE[=ARG]  include FEATURE [ARG=yes]
–enable-layout=LAYOUT
–enable-v4-mapped      Allow IPv6 sockets to handle IPv4 connections
–enable-exception-hook Enable fatal exception hook
–enable-maintainer-mode
Turn on debugging and compile time warnings
–enable-pie            Build httpd as a Position Independent Executable
–enable-modules=MODULE-LIST
Space-separated list of modules to enable | “all” |
“most”
–enable-mods-shared=MODULE-LIST
Space-separated list of shared modules to enable |
“all” | “most”
–disable-authn-file    file-based authentication control
–enable-authn-dbm      DBM-based authentication control
–enable-authn-anon     anonymous user authentication control
–enable-authn-dbd      SQL-based authentication control
–disable-authn-default authentication backstopper
–enable-authn-alias    auth provider alias
–disable-authz-host    host-based authorization control
–disable-authz-groupfile
‘require group’ authorization control
–disable-authz-user    ‘require user’ authorization control
–enable-authz-dbm      DBM-based authorization control
–enable-authz-owner    ‘require file-owner’ authorization control
–enable-authnz-ldap    LDAP based authentication
–disable-authz-default authorization control backstopper
–disable-auth-basic    basic authentication
–enable-auth-digest    RFC2617 Digest authentication
–enable-isapi          isapi extension support
–enable-file-cache     File cache
–enable-cache          dynamic file caching
–enable-disk-cache     disk caching module
–enable-mem-cache      memory caching module
–enable-dbd            Apache DBD Framework
–enable-bucketeer      buckets manipulation filter
–enable-dumpio         I/O dump filter
–enable-echo           ECHO server
–enable-example        example and demo module
–enable-case-filter    example uppercase conversion filter
–enable-case-filter-in example uppercase conversion input filter
–enable-ext-filter     external filter module
–disable-include       Server Side Includes
–disable-filter        Smart Filtering
–disable-charset-lite  character set translation
–enable-charset-lite   character set translation
–enable-deflate        Deflate transfer encoding support
–enable-ldap           LDAP caching and connection pooling services
–disable-log-config    logging configuration
–enable-log-forensic   forensic logging
–enable-logio          input and output logging
–disable-env           clearing/setting of ENV vars
–enable-mime-magic     automagically determining MIME type
–enable-cern-meta      CERN-type meta files
–enable-expires        Expires header control
–enable-headers        HTTP header control
–enable-ident          RFC 1413 identity check
–enable-usertrack      user-session tracking
–enable-unique-id      per-request unique ids
–disable-setenvif      basing ENV vars on headers
–enable-version        determining httpd version in config files
–enable-proxy          Apache proxy module
–enable-proxy-connect  Apache proxy CONNECT module
–enable-proxy-ftp      Apache proxy FTP module
–enable-proxy-http     Apache proxy HTTP module
–enable-proxy-ajp      Apache proxy AJP module
–enable-proxy-balancer Apache proxy BALANCER module
–enable-ssl            SSL/TLS support (mod_ssl)
–enable-distcache      Select distcache support in mod_ssl
–enable-optional-hook-export
example optional hook exporter
–enable-optional-hook-import
example optional hook importer
–enable-optional-fn-import
example optional function importer
–enable-optional-fn-export
example optional function exporter
–enable-static-support Build a statically linked version of the support
binaries
–enable-static-htpasswd
Build a statically linked version of htpasswd
–enable-static-htdigest
Build a statically linked version of htdigest
–enable-static-rotatelogs
Build a statically linked version of rotatelogs
–enable-static-logresolve
Build a statically linked version of logresolve
–enable-static-htdbm   Build a statically linked version of htdbm
–enable-static-ab      Build a statically linked version of ab
–enable-static-checkgid
Build a statically linked version of checkgid
–enable-static-htcacheclean
Build a statically linked version of htcacheclean
–enable-static-httxt2dbm
Build a statically linked version of httxt2dbm
–enable-http           HTTP protocol handling
–disable-mime          mapping of file-extension to MIME
–enable-dav            WebDAV protocol handling
–disable-status        process/thread monitoring
–disable-autoindex     directory listing
–disable-asis          as-is filetypes
–enable-info           server information
–enable-suexec         set uid and gid for spawned processes
–disable-cgid          CGI scripts
–enable-cgi            CGI scripts
–disable-cgi           CGI scripts
–enable-cgid           CGI scripts
–enable-dav-fs         DAV provider for the filesystem
–enable-dav-lock       DAV provider for generic locking
–enable-vhost-alias    mass virtual hosting module
–disable-negotiation   content negotiation
–disable-dir           directory request handling
–enable-imagemap       server-side imagemaps
–disable-actions       Action triggering on requests
–enable-speling        correct common URL misspellings
–disable-userdir       mapping of requests to user-specific directories
–disable-alias         mapping of requests to different filesystem parts
–enable-rewrite        rule based URL manipulation
–enable-so             DSO capability

Optional Packages:
可选包:
–with-PACKAGE[=ARG]    use PACKAGE [ARG=yes]
–without-PACKAGE       do not use PACKAGE (same as –with-PACKAGE=no)
–with-included-apr     Use bundled copies of APR/APR-Util
–with-apr=PATH         prefix for installed APR, path to APR build tree,
or the full path to apr-config
–with-apr-util=PATH    prefix for installed APU, path to APU build tree,
or the full path to apu-config
–with-pcre=PATH        Use external PCRE library
–with-port=PORT        Port on which to listen (default is 80)
–with-z=DIR            use a specific zlib library
–with-sslc=DIR         RSA SSL-C SSL/TLS toolkit
–with-ssl=DIR          OpenSSL SSL/TLS toolkit
–with-mpm=MPM          Choose the process model for Apache to use.
MPM={beos|event|worker|prefork|mpmt_os2}
–with-module=module-type:module-file
Enable module-file in the modules/<module-type>
directory.
–with-program-name     alternate executable name
–with-suexec-bin       Path to suexec binary
–with-suexec-caller    User allowed to call SuExec
–with-suexec-userdir   User subdirectory
–with-suexec-docroot   SuExec root directory
–with-suexec-uidmin    Minimal allowed UID
–with-suexec-gidmin    Minimal allowed GID
–with-suexec-logfile   Set the logfile
–with-suexec-safepath  Set the safepath
–with-suexec-umask     umask for suexec’d process

Some influential environment variables:
一些有影响的环境变量:
CC          C compiler command
CFLAGS      C compiler flags
LDFLAGS     linker flags, e.g. -L<lib dir> if you have libraries in a
nonstandard directory <lib dir>
CPPFLAGS    C/C++/Objective C preprocessor flags, e.g. -I<include dir> if
you have headers in a nonstandard directory <include dir>
CPP         C preprocessor

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